Independence Day Of The Republic Of Mozambique

WAELE AFRICA Foundation Wishes to congratulate the government and people of Mozambique on the occasion of her 47th independence. We wish your country and all its people happiness, continued success and prosperity.

Mozambique is a coastal nation in the southeastern part of Africa got its independence June 25, 1975. The nation lies on the Indian Ocean coast and is bordered by Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. The people celebrate their independence from Portugal every year on June 25.

History of Independence Day in Mozambique

Mozambique was primarily inhabited by the Bantu tribe before the Europeans discovered the area. This country was explored by Vasco da Gama on the way to India in 1498. When Vasco da Gama returned home with tales about this land, it prompted other Portuguese settlers to explore and colonize the nation. By the 1530s, the Portuguese took control of the port in Mozambique, and they soon brought the nation under their control. They created a feudal system and became involved in slave trading, thereby exercising full control of the local people.

The Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) was formed in the country in the 1960s. It started as a guerilla organization trying to oust the Portuguese and was influenced by similar movements that took root in other Portuguese colonies like Angola and Guinea-Bissau. The front attacked Portuguese envoys and military installations, strengthening its base in northern rural areas and concentrating on wresting control of Portuguese areas.

The sprouting of nationalist movements across the region caused Portugal to take notice of the plights of the population, implementing many reforms. Portugal faced many internal issues and was not internally stable. The Front for the Liberation of Mozambique used the Portuguese instability to their advantage, defeating the Portuguese. The country was declared independent on June 25, 1975.

FRELIMO formed the first government of the nation by popular support. The new leaders followed a Soviet approach and allied with the Soviet Bloc. It also helped movements against its neighbors, Zimbabwe and South Africa. The nation however went through internal strife and war due to the separatist movement initiated by Mozambican National Resistance. South Africa helped this resistance and even assisted the assassination of the president of the country. In 1990, a new constitution was drawn up and peace returned to the nation.

Mozambique’s Independence Day Traditions, Customs and Activities

Independence Day is marked by parades and processions in the capital. The president and prime minister of the country preside over the parade, usually consisting of military regiments. The day is also used by the government to propagate its various reforms. Various special events to help society are also organized by the international organizations that are involved in the country.

With Agency Report 

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