Independence Day of The Republic Of Cape Verde

WAELE AFRICA Foundation Wishes to congratulate the government and people of Cape Verde on the occasion of her 44th independence. We wish your country and all its people happiness, continued success and prosperity.

This is the National Day of Cape Verde and commemorates the country’s
independence from Portugal on this day in 1975.

History of Independence Day

Cape Verde is an island country consisting of 10 volcanic islands in the
Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Northwest Africa.

The islands were uninhabited when they were discovered by Portuguese navigators in the middle of the 15th century. Portuguese settlers arrived in 1462, establishing the first permanent European settlement in the tropics.

The islands benefited from their position, first as a stopping off point for the Atlantic slave trade and then as a location for re-supplying ships bound for the Americas.

The call for nationalism had grown louder after the end of the second world war. So much so that in 1951, Portugal changed Cape Verde’s status from a colony to an overseas province to try and reduce the increasing disenfranchisement with colonial rule.

The nationalist movement in Cape Verde was entwined with the other
Portuguese territory in the area, Portuguese Guinea. In 1956, Amílcar
Cabral, a Guinean organised the African Party for the Independence of
Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC). The aims of the PAIGC were to improve the
economic, social and political conditions in Cape Verde and Portuguese
Guinea and formed the basis of the two nations’ independence movements.

These demands erupted into a war on the African mainland, with Portuguese Guinea declaring independence in 1973.

The April 1974 revolution in Portugal led to change of approach to its overseas territories, and in 1974 the PAIGC and Portugal signed an agreement providing for a transitional government composed of Portuguese and Cape Verdeans. On June 30th 1975, Cape Verdeans elected a National Assembly which received the instruments of independence from Portugal on July 5th 1975.

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