June 19: International Day For The Elimination Of Sexual Violence In Conflict
On 19 June 2015, the United Nations General Assembly (A/RES/69/293)
proclaimed 19 June of each year the International Day for the Elimination
of Sexual Violence in Conflict, in order to raise awareness of the need to
put an end to conflict-related sexual violence, to honour the victims and survivors of sexual violence around the world and to pay tribute to all
those who have courageously devoted their lives to and lost their lives in
standing up for the eradication of these crimes.
The date was chosen to commemorate the adoption on 19 June 2008 of
Security Council resolution 1820 (2008), in which the Council condemned
sexual violence as a tactic of war and an impediment to peacebuilding.
10-Year Anniversary of the Mandate
2019 marks the 10-year anniversary of the establishment of the mandate and
Office of the Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict. Over
the past decade, there has been a paradigm shift in the understanding of
the scourge of conflict-related sexual violence and its impact on
international peace and security, the response required to prevent such
crimes and the multidimensional services needed by survivors. Despite this
paradigm shift, it remains essential to recognize and tackle gender
inequality as the root cause and driver of sexual violence, including in
times of war and peace.
The effects of conflict-related sexual violence echo across generations
through trauma, stigma, poverty, poor health and unwanted pregnancy and
are carried on by the survivors and their children. In an effort to
counter these effects, the United Nations Security Council adopted
Resolution 2467 on 23 April 2019 which, for the first time, endorses a
survivor-centred approach to counter, prevent, and alleviate
conflict-related violence in conflict and post-conflict situations.
The survivor-centred approach has several facets, including guaranteed
justice for survivors and their children and the end of impunity for
perpetrators of conflict-related sexual violence. A survivor-centred
approach calls for greater attention to the physical and economic security
of survivors, which includes mental, physical, and sexual health.
Furthermore, this approach guarantees the provision of livelihood support
through trained service providers, in collaboration with both
international and local civil society organisations.
Panel Discussion: “The Importance of a Survivor-Centred Approach”
Wednesday, 19 June 2019 (10:00 a.m. — 11:30 a.m.)
Trusteeship Council, United Nations Secretariat, NY
A public event will be organized on 19 June 2019 to mark the fourth annual
International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict.
Survivors of Sexual Violence in Conflict: Women and their Children
On the international day for the elimination of sexual violence in
conflict, we strive to foster solidarity with survivors who endure
multiple, intersecting stigmas in the wake of sexual violence, including
the stigma of association with an armed or terrorist group, and of bearing
children conceived through rape by the enemy. The survivor-centred
approach, aimed to alleviate stigma and mend the social fabric, should
therefore infuse all post-conflict reconstruction and recovery efforts
through Resolution 2467. With the survivor-centred approach, the women are
assured to receive much of the aid they need and allows for the countering
of stigmas throughout society for survivors of conflict-related sexual
violence and their children.
This occasion provides an opportunity to amplify the need for a
survivor-centred approach, as well as sharing how the approach is being
implemented across the world.